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List of RoRB terms

On this page, you will find a list of terms relevant to the subject of recognition of religion or belief, many of Cometanic origin and others of pre-Cometanic or non-Cometanic origin.


State advocation for a certain belief system, especially its support through financial and legal means.

Appropriate regulation

State acts of controlling religious or belief activity that are sufficiently justified, hence they do not violate freedom of religion or belief.

Existential recognition

The state’s bestowal of recognised status on an entity for its very existence, not including any legal protections; this type of recognition is grantable to belief systems, denominations and their related communities rather than national or local religious organisation that may hold legal personality; existential recognition is also likely to have legal repercussions; contrasted with registration.

Macro-level restriction

A type of restriction on religious or belief activity that is universal, is applied to all belief systems, organisations and their communities.

Protection tool

A type of law, policy, or theory that protects against restrictions on religious or belief activity.


The legal, social and cultural acknowledgement or identification of any kind of manifestation of religion or belief, either by the state or by the public.

Recognition law

The body of state laws and policies established to regulate recognition of religion or belief in a country though oftentimes this leads to restriction of religious activity; also called registration law or association law.

Regulation of religion or belief

State limitations on the exercise of religion or belief that are regarded by independent experts and human rights standards as reasonable limits.

Apparatus of recognition

A set of policies, laws and mechanisms at the disposal of a government for its recognising or disrecognising of any kind of manifestation of religion or belief.

Belief identity

The religious, spiritual or philosophical beliefs of a person as they relate to or come to form that individual’s sense of identity.


The combination of an accommodationist and cooperationist approach to state-religion relations based on the state’s proactive enrichment of the religious and philosophical aspects of the lives of citizens.

Levels of recognition

A framework devised to split the bestowal of religious recognition into five types; the systemic; the individual, the communal, the institutional, the parochial.


An approach to state recognition of religion or belief that entails the establishment of an intermediary agency to handle affairs of recognition and registration; the degree of that agency’s authority, autonomy and accountability may vary considerable.

Recognition agency

A type of regulatory agency instituted to oversee and monitor the running of a country’s recognition system; such an agency is ideally autonomous from government, authoritative in its declarations and implementations, as well as accountable for its actions.


The process by which a religious organisation, whether national or local, receives recognition from the state in law and as a result, acquires legal protection; also called legal recognition; deregistration, misregistration and registration are processes related to this form of recognition.

Official Cover for Recognition of Religion or Belief (set to be released in 2022).

Recognition of Religion or Belief.png

Facilitation of religion or belief

The state process of cultivating a diverse landscape of religious and philosophical belief and practice among the public.

Inappropriate regulation

Unjust state acts of controlling religious or belief activity that lead to violations of freedom of religion or belief.

Legal entity status

A religious organisation’s recognition in law as granted through a process of state registration.

Justification tool

A type of narrative tool that presents one or more justifications for government restrictions of religious or belief activity.

Micro-level restriction

A type of restriction that is imposed only on a certain belief system, organisation or community.

Percolative recognition

A form of recognition in a dependent territory that is bestowed automatically as a result of a religion or group’s recognition in the territory’s mother country; opposite is non-percolative recognition.

Narrative tool

A type of restriction tool that justifies a government’s restrictions of religious or belief activity based on an interwoven narrative; such a narrative may also be used by other religious groups to subjugate another group.

Reduction tool

A law, policy, activity or theory that involves the reduction of existent restrictions on religious and belief activity.

Recognition establishment

A state’s act of instituting an official system for recognising and registering different kinds of manifestations of religion or belief.

Recognition system

Regarded collectively those state mechanisms for recognising and registering different kings of religious and belief activity.

Restriction tool

A type of state mechanism for restricting religious or belief activity in any form.


A multifaceted theory and approach to freedom of religion or belief that places an emphasis on the value and powers of recognition, that is primarily state recognition of different manifestations of religion or belief and how this comes to effect social recognition of the same to reduce issues proposed as caused by a lack of mutual recognition of differing beliefs.

Religious recognition

The body of activities that either bestows or denies acknowledgement to any type of manifestation of religion or belief; also called recognition of religion or belief.

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