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Recognition of religion or belief in Bahrain

According to the SRR, conditions for RoRB in the Kingdom of Bahrain are classified censorious.

Recognition of religion or belief in Bahrain


  • Islam is the state religion.

  • Existential recognition is only extended to the belief system of Islam while legal registration is offered to all other belief systems, denominations, and their communities and organisations.

  • Discrimination exists in the government’s registration process; groups should not be treated different because of the belief system to which they are associated.

  • There exists one registration process for Islamic groups and another for all non-Islamic groups.

  • The additional approval required from ministries other than the one tasked with dealing with the registration process is dubious as to the extent of their authority in the process.

  • The imposition of mandatory registration contravenes the Bielefeldt provision.

  • The excessive information requirements for registration suggests that such information could be unjustly used against the applicant group at a later date.

  • The political situation in Bahrain highlights once more than political instabilities can cause minor or sometimes major impediments to freedom of religion or belief.

Positive elements:

  • A diverse selection of minority groups have already received registration (though this should not be confused with the same recognition that Islam receives).


  • Create a level playing field for all belief systems, their denominations, communities and organisations to access the same degrees of recognition and registration and via the same processes.

  • Dissolve laws imposing imprisonment or fines on blasphemy (a dynamic recognition system that comes with broader education will help to resolve issues of insensitivity among the public).

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
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