top of page

Recognition of religion or belief in China

According to the SRR, conditions for RoRB in the People's Republic of China are classified terminal.

Recognition of religion or belief in China


  • State atheism is implemented.

  • The government recognises Buddhism, Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism and Taoism.

  • The Chinese system differentiates between recognition and registration; there exists no practicable procedures for achieving the former as existential recognition is bestowed through the constitution.

  • The restrictions, expectations, retributions in breaking these, and the extent to which these are applied across the whole population of 1.4 billion people is unprecedented.

  • The CCP has established a sophisticated, multifaceted apparatus for terminally restricting all dimensions of the religious, spiritual and philosophical aspects of the lives of the Chinese people.

  • Many of the laws, policies and actions established and conducted by the CCP are fairly unique relative to how other governments approach religious freedom.

  • The broad subjective terminology of Chinese legislation on religious activity gives the government ample scope to restrict to various degrees and in various ways the religious lives of citizens which the CCP takes full advantage of.

  • The Chinese system breaks numerous religious freedom principles and standards, including the majority of Durham principles as well as the Bielefeldt provision.

  • The country is not a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

  • Sinicisation is the multidimensional process orchestrated by the CCP of approximating minority cultures within the borders of the People's Republic to conform to its Communist conception of Chinese culture.

  • There is an ongoing genocide taking place against the Uighur Muslims of Xinjiang Province that is being perpetuated by this process of Sinicisation; forced deconversion, forced relocation, internment into labour camps, imprisonments, fines, forced sterilisation, torture, demolitions of sacred sites, and

  • The Tibet Autonomous Region has also found itself at the mercy of the CCP’s apparatus of repression for decades; all forms of Buddhist practice are controlled by the CCP.

Positive elements:

  • Nil.


  • Before receptivity or dynamism can be sought after, the full dismantlement of the apparatus of restriction must take place.

  • Dismantlement entails the abolition of all laws that restrict religious activity or otherwise perpetuate violations of freedom of religion or belief.

  • Reinstitution must take place so that laws regarding religious freedom can be rewritten with a receptive approach.

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
bottom of page