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Recognition of religion or belief in Egypt

According to the SRR, conditions for RoRB in the Arab Republic of Egypt are classified censorious.

Recognition of religion or belief in Egypt


  • State religion is Islam.

  • A system of vertical recognition is in place whereby even though recognition may be achieved for non-Islamic groups, this recognition does not correspond to the same degree of recognition that Islam itself as a belief system has received by the state due to it being the state religion.

  • Recognition and registration are amalgamated rather than ideally differentiated with a focus on the former as existential recognition; only Islamic, Christian and Jewish denominations may receive recognition.

  • The process of determining an applicant group as a “a threat to national unity or social peace" is subjective and could be easily used to discriminate against groups.

  • The requirement for the president to review all recognition applications politicises the process and gives the president undue power over the religious and belief activities of citizens.

  • The ongoing discrimination, physical assaults, terrorist acts, desecrations and forced displacements of targeted minorities demonstrates a major breakdown in the recognition system and its capacities to protect the dignity of all belief groups.

Positive elements:

  • Nil.


  • Allow for all types of groups to apply for recognition or registration.

  • Lift all nationwide bans.

  • Remove all forms of politicisation of the recognition system.

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
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