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Recognition of religion or belief in Japan

According to the standards set out in the SRR, conditions for RoRB in Japan are classified restrictive.

Recognition of religion or belief in Japan


  • There exists an unstructured recognition system.

  • There doesn’t exist sufficient provisions for existential recognition that are distinguished from procedure for registering secular entities.

  • The informational requirements demanded as part of the registration process is intrusive and could be easily misused against religious groups.

  • The segmentation of the registration into prefectures rather than by a national system causes further restriction that ultimately undermines the status of being registered.

  • The registration procedure is overwhelmingly concerned with the monitoring of the finances of religious organisations which equates to government involvement in the internal affairs of a religion.

Positive elements:

  • Despite ongoing relatively minor issues with the recognition system, the government broadly upholds freedom of religion or belief and protects the right of a person to change religion.


  • Establish procedures for existential recognition and for legal registration, particularly so that the latter process is made distinct from similar processes for secular entities.

  • To become dynamic, establish an independent recognition agency to deal with religious recognition.

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
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