top of page

Recognition of religion or belief in Pakistan

According to the standards set out in the SRR, conditions for RoRB in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (including Azad Jammu and Kashmir) are classified terminal.

Recognition of religion or belief in Pakistan


  • State religion is Islam.

  • Recognition and registration are differentiated in Pakistan.

  • Government is directly involved in managing the issue of blasphemy and Islamic education.

  • Persecution of Ahmadi Muslims by the government demonstrates terminality and also shows that state definitions and interpretations of Islam are in effect.

  • Violence and harassment directed towards Christians, Hindus and other non-Muslim minorities is ongoing and is perpetuated by both state and social actions.

Pakistani Kashmir:

  • Citizenship is misused as a way of restricting religious and belief activity.

  • Normativism in the region is widespread which has caused intolerance of religious diversity to be deeply entrenched.

Positive elements:

  • Nil.


  • Dismantlement of the present abuse of recognition and the vast apparatus that the government wields to perpetuate terminal restrictions on religious activity.

  • Establishment of a new recognition system that treats all belief systems equally and bestows both existential recognition and legal registration through distinct procedures and across multiple levels of activity; the disestablishment of Islam may need to occur in order to ensure the system’s equality if the government cannot prove in practice its equal treatment to religions.

  • Ongoing issues of normativism and societal intolerance of alternative belief identities should be resolved through more sophisticated means of religious education and the use of mutual recognition as a message spread by government on the importance of religious pluralism.

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
bottom of page