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Recognition of religion or belief in Spain

According to the standards set out in the SRR, conditions for RoRB in the Kingdom of Spain are classified receptive.

Recognition of religion or belief in Spain


  • State privilege is bestowed to the Catholic Church.

  • Part of the recognition system is oriented on the use of bilateral cooperation agreements; agreements currently established serve Catholicism, Islam, Judaism and Protestantism; the notorio arraigo status establishes a vertical recognition system as registration with the government does not bestow the same level of recognition as these denominations receive.

  • The informational requirements of groups seem appropriate but will require continued monitoring to ensure they are not unduly extended or misapplied.

  • Access to notorio arraigo status is restricted by a longevity quota, an unspecified membership quota, and other ambiguous criteria and is also contingent on registration with the Ministry of the Presidency; an alternative to notorio arraigo status is provided through inclusion into the Register of Associations.

Positive elements:

  • The Pluralism and Coexistence Foundation is established to promote religious freedom and diversity of belief and practice and also to facilitate interfaith dialogue which shows dynamic character.


  • Make bilateral cooperation agreements available to all groups so that they may then comprise a positive and characteristically dynamic element of the Spanish system.

  • To become dynamic, establish a recognition agency that works to manage the recognition system in a way that is independent of government control.

RoRB Topic
RoRB Compliance
RoRB Classification
Country or territory
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